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Different Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids

2020-01-31

Parenting styles covers everything that you do to your kid and how they react to it. Although it is how you behave that defines how your kid is going to react in any situation.

In this article, we are going to see how different types of parenting are practiced and how they affect the kids.

There has been much research on parenting and its effects, and researchers have come out with mainly four types of parenting.

We have explained all the four types of parenting in this article and have also explained how the parenting style affects the kids.

There are basically four types of parenting styles:

  1. Authoritarian
  2. Authoritative
  3. Permissive
  4. Uninvolved

1. Authoritarian Parenting

Authoritarian parents believe kids should follow the rules without exception.

In simple words, authoritarian parents are famous for saying, "Because I said so," when a child questions the reasons behind a rule. They are not interested in negotiating and their focus is on obedience. They also don't allow kids to get involved in problem-solving challenges or obstacles. Instead, they make the rules and enforce the consequences with little regard for a child's opinion.

Moreover, authoritarian parents may use punishments instead of discipline. So rather than teach a child how to make better choices, they're invested in making kids feel sorry for their mistakes. Children who grow up with strict authoritarian parents tend to follow rules much of the time. But, their obedience comes at a price.

As a result, Children of authoritarian parents are at a higher risk of developing self-esteem problems because their opinions aren't valued. They may also become hostile or aggressive. Rather than think about how to do things better in the future, they often focus on the anger they feel toward their parents. Since authoritarian parents are often strict, their children may grow to become good liars in an effort to avoid punishment.

Three Signs of an Authoritarian Parenting

  1. They believe kids should be seen and not heard.
  2. When it comes to rules, they believe it's "my way or the highway."
  3. They don't take their child's feelings into consideration.

2. Authoritative Parenting

Authoritative parents have rules and they use consequences, but they also take their children's opinions into account. They validate their children's feelings, while also making it clear that the adults are ultimately in charge.

Most of the time, authoritative parents invest time and energy into preventing behavior problems before they start. They also use positive discipline strategies to reinforce good behavior, like praise and reward systems. Researchers have found kids who have authoritative parents are most likely to become responsible adults who feel comfortable expressing their opinions. Children raised with authoritative discipline tend to be happy and successful. They're also more likely to be good at making decisions and evaluating safety risks on their own.

Three Signs of an Authoritative Parenting

  1. They put a lot of effort into creating and maintaining a positive relationship with their child.
  2. They explain the reasons behind their rules.
  3. They enforce rules and give consequences, but take their child's feelings into consideration.

3. Permissive Parenting

Permissive parents are lenient. They often only step in when there's a serious problem. Moreover, they're quite forgiving and they adopt an attitude of "kids will be kids." When they do use consequences, they may not make those consequences stick. They might give privileges back if a child begs or they may allow a child to get out of time-out early if he promises to be good. Permissive parents usually take on more of a friend role than a parent role. They often encourage their children to talk with them about their problems, but they usually don't put much effort into discouraging poor choices or bad behavior.

As per the researchers, kids who grow up with permissive parents are more likely to struggle academically. They exhibit behavioral problems as they don't appreciate authority and rules. They often have low self-esteem and may report a lot of sadness. They're also at a higher risk for health problems, like obesity, because permissive parents struggle to limit junk food intake. They are even more likely to have dental cavities because permissive parents often don't enforce good habits, like ensuring a child brushes his teeth.

Three Signs of a Permissive Parenting

  1. They set rules but rarely enforce them.
  2. They don't give out consequences very often.
  3. They think their child will learn best with little interference from them.

4. Uninvolved Parenting

In the case of uninvolved parenting, the parents tend to have little knowledge of what their children are doing. Children may not receive much guidance, nurturing, and parental attention. Uninvolved parents expect children to raise themselves. They don't devote much time or energy to meeting children's basic needs. Uninvolved parents may be neglectful but it's not always intentional. For example, a parent with mental health issues or substance abuse problems, may not be able to care for a child's physical or emotional needs on a consistent basis.

Most of the time, uninvolved parents lack knowledge about child development. And sometimes, they're simply overwhelmed with other problems, like work, paying bills, and managing a household. Children with uninvolved parents are likely to struggle with self-esteem issues. They tend to perform poorly in school. They also exhibit frequent behavior problems and rank low in happiness.

Three  Signs of an Uninvolved Parenting

  1. They don't ask their child about school or homework.
  2. They rarely know where their child is or who she is with.
  3. They don't spend much time with their child.

 

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